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Scripture describes two significant events in relation to Pentecost: the events of Exo. 19 and those of Acts 2, and both have to do with the establishment of a covenant. The law was given in Exodus and the Holy Spirit (grace) was given in Acts. It appears to me that each of these events, both of which occurred on a single day, was the beginning of a continuing lifestyle of faith and holiness for the people of God.

Exo. 19 contains imagery of the rapture. God tells Moses to instruct the people to wash their clothes and be ready against the third day when the Lord would come down in the sight of the people. They were to wash their clothes; in the New Covenant God takes care of this matter himself - he clothes us with the robe of righteousness. The third day is resurrection; it is the day we meet with God face to face. Hos. 6:2 speaks of being revived, raised up and living in the presence of the Lord on the third day, or the third one thousand years after the resurrection of Jesus, during the time when he will be present on earth as king.  And, of course, Jesus was resurrected on the third day.

In Exo. 19:5 God tells Moses that if the people will obey his voice and keep his covenant then they would be to him a peculiar treasure, a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. Speaking to Christians, 1 Peter 2:9 says, "But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light."

In Exo. 19:9 God tells Moses he will come in a thick cloud, and verses 16-20 describe what happened: "And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. 17 And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. 18 And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. 19 And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice. 20 And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up."

It was an awesome moment. Thunder, lightening, and a thick cloud. No one missed hearing the trumpet that day. Notice that two things happened: the Lord came down, and when he called, Moses went up.

Acts 2:1 "And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. 2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. 3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance."

The New Testament Pentecost occurred on the same day as the original, both occurred in the morning, both included a group of people who were waiting on God, and both times, God came down. In Acts there was no trumpet sounding long, and growing louder and louder. There was no thick cloud, thunder and lightening. There was a sound like a rushing mighty wind, but no one went up. Instead, they hit the street preaching the gospel, and three thousand people, "Jews, devout men" (Acts 2:5), were saved. God was calling people to himself, and today, 1975 years later, He is still calling. We are living in Pentecost which began in the year of the rejection of Jesus (when God the Holy Spirit came down) and will end in the year of the acceptance of antichrist (when the people of God go up).

It is very interesting that the offerings of Pentecost include two loaves of bread baked with leaven. To me, two loaves acknowledges two groups of people, Christians and Jews, very similar to the twenty-four elders, resurrected humans, seen in Revelation. The presence of leaven indicates that God acknowledges the sin nature that all humans have within us, but the lamb sacrifices indicate that the sin is forgiven.

Soon, He is going to call all his people, and the final part of Pentecost will be fulfilled. On that day there will be a trumpet and clouds. There will be the voice of the Lord and the voice of the archangel. And, similar to Moses, all the righteous will rise, will go up, to meet the Lord.

According to Lev. 23:13 Pentecost was to be observed fifty days after the first day after the first Sabbath after Passover. The Sabbath is Saturday, the day after is Sunday (the first day of the week, the day of the resurrection of Jesus), and beginning with that Sunday, they were to count fifty days to Pentecost, which would also fall on a Sunday. It is interesting to note that only two moeds do not have a set date - Firstfruits and Pentecost (which depends on the date of Firstfruits), but on the calendar currently used by the Jewish people, Pentecost has a set date of Sivan 6. When considering the timing of a possible fulfillment of a prophecy, I think we need to consider the Biblical timing of the event. If the rapture is the final fulfillment of Pentecost, then I would expect it to occur on a Sunday.

As is discussed here, there is a discrepancy of 7.61 days in the current Jewish calendar (the annual moeds are being observed 7.61 days later in the year than they should be), and there is a very interesting fact in light of this discrepancy. Given the sign of the fig tree and a forty-years generation, we can observe that the date of the recapture of Jerusalem, June 7, 1967, occurred on Iyar 28, eight days before Pentecost as it is currently being observed on the Jewish calendar. But when the calendar discrepancy is taken into account, we see a correlation between Sivan 6, Pentecost, and the date of the recapture of Jerusalem. This may be a confirmation from God that the actual dates are significant in the beginning of the final generation and that the 7.61 days is the actual amount of the calendar discrepancy. Further, while the date of the recapture of Jerusalem correlates to the observance of Pentecost on an assigned date, I would think that the rapture, if it is the final fulfillment of Pentecost, would occur on the correct day.

As recorded in Exo. 19 God came down and Moses went up in the morning. In Acts 2, the church age began on Pentecost in 30 A.D. during the third hour of the day (between 9:00 and 10:00 a.m.). 1937 years later the Jews marched on the old city of Jerusalem, where at 9:50 a.m. Brigadier General Rabbi Goren blew the shofar at the wailing wall, brought to a close the times of the Gentiles, and caused the fig tree to burst forth in leaves, not only on the anniversary of the beginning of the church age, but during the exact same hour of the day!

It appears that actual calendar dates do have significance in the fulfillment of prophecy. Times means years and the times of the Gentiles were fulfilled on June 7, 1967. This means that the Jewish calendar would at that time take on a renewed significance because the endtime appointments of Lev. 23 are about to be fulfilled.

 

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